Notes on Wood/Lumber Selection

Softwood

Building Lumber designations:

In conjunction see: WWPA Grade Stamps page.

Spruce-Pine-Fir South (SPF-S): Ships as a mix of Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii), Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta), Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea), Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana), Red Pine (Pinus resinosa), other eastern spruce (??) SPF-S is what is sold on the West Coast as SPF. [ref]WWPA, Other Species, Accessed February, 2013 | Link [/ref] I’ve noticed that quite often a pallet will contain what appears to be a single one of these woods or two nearly identical species.

Engelmann Spruce & Lodgepole Pine (ES-LP): (Picea engelmannii) and (Pinus contorta) respectively.

White woods: Engelmann Spruce, True Firs, Hemlock, Pines [ref] WWPA’s Ponderosa Pine Species Facts published August, 1995 | Link [/ref]

Hemlock-Fir (Hem-Fir): Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), California Red Fir (Abies magnifica), Grand Fir (Abies grandis), Noble Fir (Abies procera), Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis), and White Fir (Abies concolor). [ref] WWPA’s Hem-Fir Species Facts published March, 1997 | Link [/ref]

Douglas Fir-Larch (Doug. Fir-L, DF-L): Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and Western Larch (Larix occidentalis). [ref] WWPA’s Douglas Fir & Western Larch Species Facts published January, 1996 – Revised May, 2002 | Link [/ref] It should be noted that Douglas Fir isn’t a true fir, but it’s own species.

Ponderosa Pine (PP): Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) [ref] WWPA’s Ponderosa Pine Species Facts published August, 1995 | Link [/ref]

(PP-SP): Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) sold mixed with Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana)[ref] WWPA’s Ponderosa Pine Species Facts published August, 1995 | Link [/ref]

(PP-LP): Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) sold mixed with Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)[ref] WWPA’s Ponderosa Pine Species Facts published August, 1995 | Link [/ref]